Arch Linux is a Linux-based operating system for i686 and x86-64 computers. It is composed predominantly of free and open source software, and supports community involvement. The design approach of the development team focuses on simplicity from a developer’s standpoint rather than a user’s standpoint, elegance, code correctness, and minimalism. A package manager written specifically for Arch Linux, pacman, is used to install, remove and update software packages. Arch Linux uses a rolling release model, such that a regular system update is all that is needed to obtain the latest Arch software; the installation images released by the Arch team are simply up to date snapshots of the main system components. Next update for this tutorial will be when XFCE 4.12 final released in official Arch repo.
Download latest version of Arch Linux from https://www.archlinux.org/download/ and create usb stick by running command bellow. Make sure to replace “X” with your own usb drive letter. You can find it by using “blkid” command. You can also burn this image to cd by using software like “Xfburn” or “Brasero”.
dd if=archlinux-2013.03.01-dual.iso of=/dev/sdX
Create partitions using “cfdisk”.
|/dev/sda4||/home||ext4||all left||all left|
* bootable flag (required)
mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda1 mkswap /dev/sda2 mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda3 mkfs.ext4 /dev/sda4
mount /dev/sda3 /mnt mkdir /mnt/boot && mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/boot swapon /dev/sda2 mkdir /mnt/home && mount /dev/sda4 /mnt/home
Optionally Change Mirror
echo "Server = http://mirrors.kernel.org/archlinux/\$repo/os/\$arch" > /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
Install Base System
pacstrap /mnt base base-devel
arch-chroot /mnt pacman -S grub-bios
genfstab -p /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab
Login to chroot
nano /etc/hostname and add desired hostname
ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/YourCountryHere/YourCityHere /etc/localtime
nano /etc/locale.gen and uncomment en_US.UTF-8 line or your own locale.
Also Create Locale Config
nano /etc/locale.conf LANG="en_US.UTF-8" LC_COLLATE="C" LC_TIME="en_US.UTF-8"
mkinitcpio -p linux
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg grub-install --recheck /dev/sda
Set root password
passwd root ** enter new root password **
Type exit or press Ctrl+D
** REBOOT **
Arch Linux – Post Install
** Login as Root **
systemctl start dhcpcd systemctl enable dhcpcd
After newest systemd version release all of the interfaces are now named diferently. See this page for more info Predictable Network Interface Names
Install X-Server and Default Fonts
pacman -S xorg-server ttf-dejavu
Find Your Video Card
lspci | grep VGA
If You Have NVidia Card Install
pacman -S nvidia nvidia-utils pangox-compat
Note: “pangox-compat” package required by nvidia-utils
If you have intel video card look it up and install apropreate package.
pacman -Ss xf86-video | less
Install Intel Video Driver.
pacman -S xf86-video-intel
or install standard one, which supports many intel video cards.
pacman -S xf86-video-vesa
To install ATI or any other video card please see official wiki at Install a Video Driver.
Add Regular User
useradd -m -g users -G optical,power,storage -s /bin/bash USERNAME ** then set users password ** passwd USERNAME
Install XFCE + SLiM
pacman -S xfce4 xfce4-goodies slim gvfs
Note: gvfs needed for thunar auto-mount drives like usb’s and external hard drives.
Enable SLiM on Boot
systemctl enable slim
** At this point logout from root and login as your regular user that you created. **
Create xinitrc file to start XFCE on boot.
cp /etc/skel/.xinitrc ~/.xinitrc nano ~/.xinitrc (uncomment exec startxfce4)
** REBOOT **
Now you should have freshly installed Arch Linux with XFCE.
Optional Instructions for Laptops.
pacman -S xf86-input-synaptics
If touchpad is too sensitive to finger touch do this:
nano /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/50-synaptics.conf (find Section "InputClass" and add this option) Option "FingerHigh" "8"
Now log-off and log back in, this should fix it.